- નિબંધ : ત્રણ પૈકી કોઈપણ એક ( ઓછામાં ઓછા 250 વધુમાં વધુ 300 શબ્દોમાં )( વર્ણનાત્મક / વિશ્લેષણાત્મક / ચિંતનાત્મક / સાંપ્રત સમસ્યા પાર આધારિત )
- વિચાર વિસ્તાર (ત્રણ પૈકી કોઈપણ બે ) કાવ્યપંકતિઓ કે ગદ્યસૂક્તિનો વિચારવિસ્તાર (આશરે 100 શબ્દોમાં )
- સંક્ષેપીકરણ : આપેલા ગદ્યખંડમાંથી આશરે 1/3 ભાગમાં તમારા શબ્દોમાં સંક્ષેપ
- ગદ્યસમીક્ષા : આપેલા ગદ્યખંડના આધારે પૂછેલા પ્રશ્નોના જવાબ લખો.
- ઔપચારિક ભાષણો તૈયાર કરવા ( સ્વાગત, વિદાય, ઉદઘાટન વગેરે ) / પત્રકાર પરિષદ માટે ઉદબોધન તૈયાર કરવા (ઉર્જા, ખેત ધિરાણ, પદૂષણ, આરોગ્ય, શિક્ષણનો નીતિવિષયક કે સમસ્યા વિષયક )( આશરે 150 શબ્દોમાં )
- પ્રચાર માધ્યમો માટે નિવેદનો તૈયાર કરવા ( આશરે 100 શબ્દોમાં )
- પત્રલેખન ( અભિનંદન / શુભેચ્છા / વિનંતી / ફરિયાદ વગેરે )( આશરે 100 શબ્દોમાં ).
- ચર્ચાપત્ર ( આશરે 150 શબ્દોમાં )( વર્તમાનપત્રમાં પ્રજાના પ્રશ્નો / સાંપ્રત સમસ્યાઓ / વ્યક્તિગત અભિપ્રાય રજુ કરતુ ચર્ચાપત્ર )
- અરજીલેખન ( આશરે 150 શબ્દોમાં )
- અહેવાલલેખન ( આશરે 150 શબ્દોમાં )
- સંવાદકૌશલ્ય : બે વ્યક્તિઓ વચ્ચે સંવાદ ( આશરે 150 શબ્દોમાં )( જૂથચર્ચા,સભાનું કામકાજ, પાણી, કૃષિ, આરોગ્ય, સફાઈ, શિક્ષણને લગતી સમસ્યાઓ વગેરે.)
- ભાષાંતર : અંગ્રેજીમાંથી ગુજરાતીમાં અનુવાદ
- ગુજરાતી વ્યાકરણ
- સૂચવ્યા મુજબ જવાબ લખો.( આ પ્રશ્નોમાં આંતરિક વિકલ્પો રહેશે નહીં.)
- રૂઢિપ્રયોગોના અર્થ અને તેનો વાક્યપ્રયોગ
- કહેવતોનો અર્થ
- સામાશનો વિગ્રહ કરી તેની ઓળખ
- છંદ ઓળખાવો
- અલંકાર ઓળખાવો
- શબ્દસમૂહ માટે એક શબ્દ
- જોડણી શુદ્ધિ
- લેખન શુદ્ધિ / ભાષા શુદ્ધિ
- સંધિ – જોડો કે છોડો
- વાક્યરચનાના અંગો / વાક્યના પ્રકાર / વાક્ય પરિવર્તન
- ESSAY (A minimum of 200 words and a maximum of 250 words): Choose any one topic from a list of five. (Descriptive/ analytical/ philosophical/ based on Current Affairs)
- LETTER WRITING (in about 100 words): A formal letter expressing one’s opinion about an issue. The issues can deal with daily office matters/ a problem that has occurred in the office/ an opinion in response to one sought by a ranked officer etc.
- PRESS RELEASE/ APPEAL (in about 100 words): The PR or appeal should be on an issue pertaining to a recent concern/problem/disaster/rumours etc.
- REPORT WRITING (in about 150 words): A report on an official function/event/field trip/survey etc.
- WRITING ON VISUAL INFORMATION (in about 150 words):
A report on a graph/image/ flow chart/table of comparison/ simple statistical data etc.
- FORMAL SPEECH (in about 150 words): A speech (in a formal style) that is to be read out in a formal function. This could be an inauguration speech, an educational seminar/conference, a formal ceremony of importance etc.
- PRECIS WRITING:
A precis in about 100 words for a 300-word passage.
- READING COMPREHENSION:
A reading passage of about 250 words to be given followed by 05 Multiple-choice questions and 10 shortanswer type questions.(MCQs: 05; Short answer types: 10)
- ENGLISH GRAMMAR:
Multiple choice questions set from the following list:
- Narration (Direct-Indirect)
- Transformation of sentences
- Use of Articles and Determiners
- Use of Prepositions
- Use of Phrasal verbs
- Use of idiomatic expressions
- Administrative Glossary
- One-word substitution
- Cohesive devices/Connectives/Linkers
- Words that cause confusion like homonyms/homophones.
- TRANSLATION: Translation of a short passage (of about 150 words) from Gujarati to English.
Objective:This paper is designed to test the candidates’:-
- knowledge / awareness of a variety of Subjects and
- Their ability to compose a sustained piece of writing in the form of an essay.
- current affairs
- socio- political issues
- socio economic issues
- socio- environmental issues
- cultural and historical aspects
- issues related to civic awareness
- reflective topics
GENERAL STUDIES – I
HISTORY OF INDIA
- Indus Valley Civilization in India and important excavated sites – It’s salient features.
- The Vedic times, Jainism and Buddhism.
- The Nanda Dynasty.
- Foreign invasions on India and their impact.
- Important Dynasties of Ancient India with special reference to the Mauryas, the Sungas, The Satvahanas,The Kushanas, The Guptas, The Chalukyas, The Rashtrakuts, Vijaynagar Empire, Pallavas and Cholas- their administration, art, architecture, literature, science and technology.
- Educational institutions. Takshshila, Nalanda and Vallabhi.
- Historical accounts of the Foreign Travelers.
- Harshvardhana and his times. His relations with Gujarat.
- The Rajput period, the Solankis of Gujarat, Invasions of Gazani and Ghori.
- The Delhi Sultanate from 1206 to 1526.
- The Bhakti Movement and Sufism.
- The Mughal Empire from 1526 to 1707.
- The rise and fall of the Maratha Empire.
- The advent of the Europeans in India. Establishment and expansion of British rule in India from 1757 to 1856. Land Revenue Settlement. Permanent Settlement. Ryotwari and Mahalvari.
- Indian war of Independence of 1857 and Queen Victoria’s Proclamation.
- Religious and social reform movements in 19th Century in India and Gujarat.
- Factors responsible for the rise of Indian Nationalism. Activities of Indian National Congress from 1885 to 1920.
- Rise of Mahatma Gandhi on National Horizon, impact of his thoughts, principles and philosophy on political, social, economic, religious and cultural life of India.
- The Role of Sardar Patel in freedom movement and post-independence consolidation.
- Indian Revolutionaries in India and abroad, Indian National Army and Subhash Chandra Bose.
- B.R. Ambedkar, his life and contribution to making of Indian Constitution.
- India after Independence – Reorganization of the States within the country, Maha Gujarat Movement, Major events.
- Indian Culture and its Salient aspects of Art forms, Literature, Architecture and Sculpture from Ancient to Modern times; Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
- Art and Craft of Gujarat: Socio-Cultural contribution.
- Socio-Cultural context of the performance of Gujarati “BHAVAI’
- Gujarat’s Folk Culture and Oral Tradition: Its Importance, Peculiarities and Impact.
- Influence of Indian Cinema and Theatre on Society.
- Gandhian thoughts and its relevance.
- Culture of coastal area of Gujarat, Tribal Culture.
- Gujarati Female litterateurs.
- Physical Features and Resources: India and Gujarat: Major landforms-climate, soil, rivers, vegetation; Major resources-Land, soil, rocks, minerals, water and vegetation resources.
- Economic Activities: Primary- agriculture, livestock, forestry, fisheries, quarrying and mining; Secondary-Household industry, manufacturing industry; Tertiary-Trade, commerce, Transport, Communication and storage, other services; Quaternary activities-Factors of Localization of economic activities, issues and problems.
- Social and demographic: population distribution, density, age-sex composition, growth, Rural-urban composition, Race, Tribe, SC composition, religion, language, literacy, education characteristics. Migration-urbanisation, population policies and issues.
- Developmental and Environmental issues, Sustainable development, Globalizationprocess,impact on society and economy, Smart Cities and solutions. Natural hazards-Earthquakes, landslides, cyclones, cloud burst, Tsunamis, drought, flood, climate change, carbon emission, Pollution-hazard management
GENERAL STUDIES – II
INDIAN POLITY AND CONSTITUTION
- Indian Constitution and its salient features.
- Functions and duties of the Indian Union and the State Governments.
- Issues and challenges pertaining to the Federal structure – Role of Governor in States.
- Distribution of powers between the Union and States (Union list, State list and Concurrent list) – Issues and challenges.
- Rural and Urban Local Governance under 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment.
- Constitutional Authorities and their Role.
- Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
- Judiciary in India – Structure and functions, important provisions relating to emergency and constitutional amendments, judicial review, Public Interest Litigation.
A. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND GOVERNANCE
- Meaning, Nature and Scope of Public Administration – Evolution in India – Administrative ideas in Kautilya’s Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule.
- Role of Civil Services in Democracy.
- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues and problems of implementation.
- Development processes – the role of civil society, NGOs and other stakeholders.
- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial authorities.
- Good governance and e-governance- Transparency, accountability and responsiveness in governance – Citizen’s Charter. RTI, Public Service Act and their implications, Concept of Social Audit and its importance.
B. ETHICS IN PUBLIC SERVICE
- Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human behavior; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships, ethics, integrity and accountability in public service – RTI, Public Service Act and its implications.
- Attitude: content, functions; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; role of social influence and persuasion.
- Emotional intelligence – concept, utilities and application in administration and governance.
- Human Values – role of family, society and educational institutions in imparting values to citizens.
- Issues and challenges in ethics – Corruption, Lok Pal, Lok Ayukta.
- Case studies in the above issues.
GENERAL STUDIES – III
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
- Integration of Science, Technology and Innovation for better human life; Science & Technology in everyday life; National Policies on proliferation of Science, Technology and Innovation; India’s contribution in the field of Science and Technology. Concerns and challenges in the proliferation and use of science and technology; Role and Scope of Science and Technology in nation building.
- Information and Communication Technology (ICT) – its importance, advantages and challenges; E-governance and India; Cyber Crime and policies to address security concerns.
- Indian Space Programme – Past, Present and Future; Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) – it’s activities and achievements; Satellite Programmes of India and Use of Satellites in different fields affecting human lives; Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO).
- Indian’s energy needs, efficiency and resources; Clean energy resources; Energy policy of India – Government Policies and Programmes.
- Salient features of Nuclear Policy of India; Development of Nuclear programmes in India, Nuclear Policies at the International level and India’s stand on them.
- Development Vs. Nature / Environment; Depletion of Natural Resources; Environmental Pollution and degradation, Sustainable Development – possibilities and challenges; Climate Change and Its effect on the world; Climate justice – a global phenomenon; Environment Impact Assessment, Disaster Management. Correlation between Health & Environment.
- Nature, Scope and Applications of Biotechnology and Nanotechnology in India; Ethical, Social and Legal concerns, Government policies; Genetic engineering, issues related to it and its impact on human life.
- Achievements of Indians in the field of Science and Technology- Indigenoustechnologies and developing new technologies.
- Issues related to Intellectual Property Rights in the field of Science and Technology.
A. INDIAN ECONOMY AND PLANNING
- Economic Development since Independence, major features of Indian Economy at independence and characteristics of economic underdevelopment of India (with reference to colonial rule of India); Trend in National Income and Per capita income; Sectoral composition (output and employment) – Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. Development under different policy regimes (including Five Year Plans)—goals, constraints, institutions and policy framework; NITI Aayog – constitution and role.
- Indian economy in post reform period. Background of Indian Economic Reforms – New Economic Policy in context of liberalization, privatization and globalization and its effects; Redefining India’s development strategy.
- Land reforms in India and Gujarat.
- Agriculture growth and productivity: Sustainable agricultural growth-concepts and constraints. Institutional set-up of land system and land reforms, Green Revolution and technological changes. Capital formation in agriculture; Food security, Agricultural pricing, Food Procurement and Public Distribution System.
- Indian Public finance: Indian tax system, public expenditure, public debt, deficit and subsidies in the Indian economy. Centre-state financial relation. Macroeconomic stabilization: trade, fiscal, investment and monetary policy issues and their impact. GST and its implications.
- Policies and Performance of Industry: Structure and composition of Industry– issues of concentration, large vs small industry– industrial location; Trends and patterns of industrial growth, Cottage industries; performance of public sector and privatization.
- Population and Human Development: Broad demographic features — Population size and growth rates, Sex and age composition, occupational distribution. Density of population, Urbanization and economic growth in India. Population growth as a factor of economic development and demographic dividend, Progress of human development in India. Development of education in India, health and family welfare and the development of health infrastructure. Environment and sustainable development.
- Rural development- Challenges and policies; Poverty -Trends, measurement and policies; Inequality-measurement, causes and effects. Employment and Unemployment-size of workforce, rate of participation, occupational structure, rural & urban unemployment, employment policies/schemes in India. Skill India, Make in India and Start-Ups.
- External sector: Trends, Composition and Direction of Foreign Trade. External sector reforms. Foreign Institutional Investment (FII) and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).
- India in Global Indices – Global Innovation Index, Human Development Index, Global Competitiveness Index, Global Creativity Index and the Global Gender Gap Report.
- Gujarat economy-An overview; social sector in Gujarat- Education, Health, and Nutrition. Gujarat Economy in relation to India and major states in recent decades, major problems in agriculture, forest, water resources, mining, industry and service Sector. Development policies for economic and social infrastructure – An appraisal. Co-operative movement in Gujarat and its impact on Socio-economic aspects of life.
- Infrastructure: Energy, Port, roads, Airport, Railways, Telecommunications – Social Impact Assessment.