The civil services have been a hallmark of governance in India. The Constitution provides that without depriving the States of their right to form their own Civil Services there shall be an All India service recruited on an All- India basis with common qualifications, with uniform scale of pay and the members of which alone could be appointed to these strategic posts throughout the Union.
The civil services, represents the essential spirit of our nation – unity in diversity.
Indian Administrative Service (IAS) the premier service of Government of India was constituted in 1946. Prior to that Indian Imperial Service (1893-1946) was in force.
At present there are three modes of recruitment to IAS:
(i) Through Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC every year.
(ii) Through promotion of State Civil Service officers to IAS.
(iii) Through selection of non – State Civil Service officers. Roughly 66(1/3%) posts are meant for Direct Recruitment and 33 (1/3%) posts are meant for promotion quota.
Both Direct Recruit as well as promotee IAS officers are imparted probationary training at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA).
Functions of IAS officer
IAS officer is responsible for maintenance of law and order, revenue administration and general administration in the area under him. His functions broadly include:
(i) Collection of revenue and function as Courts in revenue matters;
(ii) Maintenance of law and order;
(iii) Function as Executive Magistrate;
(iv) Function as Chief Development Officer (CDO)/District Development Commissioner;
(v) Supervision of implementation of policies of State Government and Central Government;
(vi) To travel to places to oversee implementation of policies;
(vii) Supervision of expenditure of public funds as per norms of financial propriety;
(viii) In the process of policy formulation and decision making, IAS officers at various levels like Joint Secretary, Deputy Secretary etc. make their contributions and the give final shape to policies;
(ix) To handle the daily affairs of the government, including framing and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of the concerned Ministry.
Designations held by IAS officers during field posting
(i) SDO/SDM/Joint Collector/ Chief Development Officer (CDO)
(ii) District Magistrate/District Collector/Deputy Commissioner
(iii) Divisional Commissioner
(iv) Member Board of Revenue
(v) Chairman Board of Revenue
Besides the above-mentioned posts, a lAS officer can be appointed in autonomous organisations/subordinate organisations/PSUs/UN Organizations/international organisations like the World Bank, Asian development banks in various capacities. They can also serve as Personal Secretaries to Ministers in Central Government. There is provision for deputation of lAS officers to private organisations also for a fixed tenure.
|Grade||Position held under the State Government Or Central Government|
Junior Time Scale
|Sub-Divisional Magistrate in a sub-division of a district/Section Officer in state secretariat (Entry) /Assistant Director to Government of India|
Senior Time Scale
|Additional District Magistrate/Additional Collector/Additional Deputy Commissioner of a District or Under Secretary in the State Government.|
Junior Administrative Grade
|District Magistrate/Collector/Deputy Commissioner of a District or Additional Secretary in the State government or Joint Director/Deputy Secretary to the Government of India.|
|District Magistrate/Collector/Deputy Commissioner of a District or Special Secretary in the State government or Director in the Government of India.|
Super Time Scale
|Divisional Commissioner in a division or Secretary in the State government or Joint Secretary to Government of India.|
Above Super Time Scale
|Principal Secretary in the State Government or Additional Secretary to the Government of India.|
|Chief Secretary of States or Secretary to Government of India.|
Cabinet Secretary Grade
|Cabinet Secretary of India (Only one post).|
|**The posts may differ from state to state due to local administrative reasons.|
Junior Scale Officer
An IAS Officer starts his career in the state as a probationary officer for two years. During this two year, the officer spends at training schools, field offices, Secretariat, or in a District Magistrate’s Office.
She/he is appointed as the Sub-Divisional Magistrate and has to take care of law, order and general administration like developmental work in the area which is allocated to her/him.
Senior Scale Officer
After the probationary period of 2 years as a junior scale officer, she/he moves to the senior scale where she/he functions as the District Magistrate, Managing Director of Public Enterprise or Director of a Department.
The Senior Scale comprises of the following designations:
Senior Time Scale (Joint Secretary)
Junior Administrative Grade (Additional Secretary)
Selection Grade (Special Secretary)
The Senior Scale Officers are promoted as the Selection Grade Officers after 13 years of regular service.
Super Time Scale
The next promotion that a civil servant will be entitled within the States is the Commissioner-cum-Secretary and that would be after 16 years of regular service.
Regulations Governing IAS
IAS officers are regulated through different All India Services Rules such as AIS (Conduct) Rules, 1968, AIS (PAR) Rules, 2007, AIS (DCRB) Rules, 1958, AIS (Cadre) Rules, 1954, AIS (Pay) Rules, 2007 etc. which are made under the powers conferred by the All India Services Act, 1951.